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Chronology of Space Travel

 
1957 :
Russia launched Sputnik I, first man-made satellite in orbit, and Sputnik II carrying the dog Laika.
1958 :
USA launched Explorer I and Pioneer III discovered Van Allen Radiation belts.
1959 :
Russia launched Lunik I, Lunik IIand Lunik III, and photographed the hidden side of the Moon.
1960 :
USA launched Explorer VII. USSR launched Lunik IV with dogs Belka and Strelka. Put them in Orbit and brought them back.
1961 :
Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin made man's first space flight (one orbit). Second Russian spaceman Gherman Titov made 24 hours (17 orbit) flight in Vostok II.
1962 :
First American John Glenn made three orbits. US Ranger 4 was the first to reach Moon.Russia sent first probe on Mars.Russian cosmonauts Papel Popovick and Audrian Nikolayev floated in space.
1963 :
Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman to orbit the globe more then 48 times.
1964 :
Russia sent Voskhod I with three men on board (first time more than one person).
1965 :
From Voskhod II Russian Alexei Leonov walked in space for 10 minutes. From Gemini Edward White made first American space walk. Wally Schirra and Tom Stafford made space rendevous when they brought US spaceship Gemini 6 within one foot of Gemini 7.
1966 :
Russian Luna 9 made soft landing on Moon and sent TV pictures. US surveyor I made first first soft landing on Moon.
1967 :
Space disasters. 3 Americans and 1 Russian Spaceman were killed in their crafts due to mishap.
1969 :
Russian probes Venera 5 and 6 landed on Venus returning data.American astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on Moon on July 20. Americans made second landing on Moon on November 14.
1970 :
Russia soft landed Luna 17 (unmanned) on Moon used first propelled Vehicle 8-wheel Lunokhod, on Moon for exploration.
1971 :
Alan shepard and Edgar Mitchell made third landing on Moon with Apollo 14. David Scott and James Irwin made fourth landing on Moon by using the first artificial satellite of Mars.Russia launched Salyut space station. Soyuz II docked with Salyut in space. Russian Capsule from Mars 2 crashed on Mars surface on 21 November.
1972 :
America launched Pioneer 10 on 1000 million km flight to Jupiter. Pioneer 10 passed through Jupiter belt and passed Jupiter transmitting pictures. It is the first man made object scheduled to escape solar system. 6th and last Apollo mission of USA landed on Moon in December, and astronauts Cernan and Schmitt made a record 75 hour stay on Moon and collected lunar samples.
1973 :
America launched Pioneer 11 towards jupiter, and also sent Skylab space station in orbit.Also, Skylab 2,3 and 4 were launched.
1974 :
Mariner 10 of USA passed Venus and Mercury for man's first close look at these. Russia sent another Salyut space station.
1975 :
First US-USSR mission in space. Soyuz 19 launched (USSR) on July 15 and Apollo 18 (USA) launched 7 1/2 hours later docked successfully on July 17.India's Arya Bhatta was launched.
1976-84 :
90 space flights in 9 years, 50 by USSR and 40 by USA. The first space shuttle Columbia was launched in 1981 and returned to earth after 54 hours in space. It can be to launch satellites. US launched challenger which put Indian's multi-purpose satellite INSAT-1B in Orbit. India's Rohini Satellite was launched into orbit in April 1983. On 9 April, 1984, India became the 14th nation to have sent a man (Sq.Ldr.Rakesh Sharma) into space. On July 25, 1984, Svetlana Savitskaya (USSR) became the first woman to walk in space. Also,Mrs. Sullivan was the first US woman to walk in space.
1987 :
Soviet Flt. Cdr. Romananko made a record of over 237 days stay in space.
1989 :
US Spaceship Voyager came close to the planet Neptune in August.
1990 :
Japanese Toyohiro Akiyama was in space and broadcast daily from there. He was the first journalist to go in space.
1991 :
USA launched shuttle Atlantis with 5 member crew to launch satellite that would peer into exploding suns,cosmic enigmas and other features. US astronomers discovered the biggest galaxy 60 times bigger than our own Milky way. British Scientists detected an orbiting supposed to be a planet outside our solar system.
1992 :
Russian cosmonaut,Sergei Krialev returned after longest stay in space (312 days). USA launched shuttle Endeavour to rescue a failed satellite.
1993 :
Both USA and Russia continued with space programmes, NASA's Mars observe probe transmitted its first close up photos of the Maritiam surface.
1994 :
Space walk of first Japanese woman chiaki Mukai. The collision of comet Shoemaker Levy-9 with Jupiter was observed from earth.

 

 
 
 
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